Population growth is one of the main factors that contribute to environmental degradation. The most significant factor in shaping the socio-economic climate change is rise in human population over time. Its effects also have an impact on the natural environment.
Following are the main impact of human population over environment:
1. Waste Generation
Man has accumulated more waste through his destructive actions. Man-made waste cannot be transformed and causes environmental degradation. The environment's ability to absorb more of it is also reduced. Waste also leads to water and air pollution.
2. Threat to Biodiversity
Man has taken more minerals out of the earth due to his destructive actions. The hunting of animals has led to their disappearance. There has been a loss of biodiversity. These factors have resulted in food-chain imbalance.
3. Strain on Forests:
Man has created new housing colonies. Hydropower projects and national highways have been constructed, and forests have been destroyed. These destructive activities have led to an increase in ecological imbalance.
Rapid population growth has resulted in urbanization, which has negatively impacted the environment. Population pressure is causing rapid depletion of natural resources in cities. Furthermore, the population lacks proper sanitation and access to clean drinking water. The result is that people's health is adversely affected.
Environmental degradation can cause damage to human health, decrease economic productivity, and lead to loss of amenities. It is possible to reduce the negative effects of economic growth on environmental degradation by making well-informed choices in economic and environmental policy and investments.